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Fake Drugs, Real Problems

State authorities hope to combat use of synthetic marijuana and "bath salts."

If real drugs are believed to be a social ill, what happens when the legal-but-still potent drugs hit school hallways and streets?

It’s a looming problem that has prompted federal and state authorities to issue warnings against powerful chemically laced substances like synthetic marijuana and so-called “bath salts." If you haven’t heard of these substances, we’ll explain:

  • The “fake weed” is basically potpourri laced with chemicals designed to replicate THC, the active ingredient in marijuana. It’s typically called K2 or Spice, but those are more like umbrella terms for a number of available products. (DEA) (WebMD) (Wikipedia)
  • The “bath salts” consist of chemical compounds designed to replicate the highs of cocaine and methamphetamine. (DEA) (Wikipedia)

Sold as potpourri or incense, both substances are perfectly legal and can be found in convenience stores, gas stations and tobacco shops.

River Forest Police Deputy Chief Craig Rutz said many officers are “aware of the stuff,” but added that enforcement efforts “would be a waste of time.”

“We can’t really do anything about it,” he said. “If we run into a kid [who has the substance] I would certainly notify his parents. That’s the best thing I could do.”

Kristine Raino Ogden, with the local anti-drug group IMPACT, said local parents have heard of the substances, but said there is “no direct evidence of kids using it in this community.

“We can’t say for sure that there aren’t kids using it, but we’ve seen no evidence,” she said.

Citing American Association of Poison Control Centers statistics, Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan’s office said abuse of synthetic drugs is surging. Last year, poison control centers received 302 calls about bath salts; in 2011, that number has skyrocketed to 5,600. And national poison control centers received about 2,900 calls for synthetic marijuana issues; in 2011 so far, they've received nearly double.

The sudden spike has lawmakers, parents and police worried because of the harmful effects of the chemicals and the unpredictable behavior of those under the influence.

Consider a few recent news stories, including the arrest of an Arizona man who believed his 5-year-old son was possessed and burned him, and the arrest of West Virginia man, dressed in women’s underwear and covered in blood, who killed a neighbor’s goat.

In both instances, authorities said the men had binged on the synthetic hallucinogens.

Extreme examples? Perhaps.

Yet Madigan says there's an "upsurge" in the availability of synthetic drugs in Illinois — some with deadly consequence.

In April, 28-year-old Tonia Whitehead, of Alton, apparently overdosed on "bath salts," according to a Chicago Tribune story. Just a few months later, in June, was killed after smoking synthetic marijuana, getting behind the wheel and crashing his car into a home in North Aurora.

Those incidents have prompted bans on the sale of bath salts in Alton and bans on the sale of synthetic marijuana products in North Aurora. Dobner's mother created a foundation, To The Maximus, which aims to wipe out the sale of "fake weed" entirely.

Federal drug authorities have taken note.

Last year, the Drug Enforcement Administration issued an Emergency Notice of Intent to control several chemicals used to make K2. And in Illinois, certain products sold as K2 were outlawed as of Jan. 1, 2011.

Still, authorities and manufacturers are in a game of cat-and-mouse — authorities ban one substance; drug makers tweak their formula and replace it with something legal.

Though authorities say the substances can be purchased easily in nearby Maywood, Cicero and Berwyn, police in Oak Park say there's little evidence to suggest the sale of substances is widespread, particularly after officers in the department's began making routine checks at local stores to see if the products were for sale, then "educating" shopkeepers on their dangers.

Those checks, police said, led to one Oak Park store removing a synthetic marijuana product called "Happy Hour" from its shelves. Police declined to say which store had sold it.

"There’s not a whole lot we can do. However, we’re monitoring stores to see if they're selling the items and we're trying to get the word out," said Oak Park Police Det. Cmdr. LaDon Reynolds. "It's dangerous...all members of the community have to be responsible. The people who stock the stuff on their shelves have to be responsible."

Casey Cora (Editor) November 15, 2011 at 08:10 PM
From OPRF: "Although they have heard about the rise in K2 , et. al., in training sessions, neither our substance abuse prevention coordinator nor resource managers have had much experience with students using or talking about these substances. Except for the rare, singular instances they are aware of, our staff says this does not appear to be an issue our students are having experience with at this time."
Jessica Rudis November 17, 2011 at 01:41 AM
Are these the same bath salts that you're supposed to use after running a marathon? All the stories of the stuff people do on them are so unbelievably insane, I can't believe anyone would ever want to try it.
Karen November 17, 2011 at 03:00 PM
The use of these products is rising very fast. These are not the bath salts you use in your home. They just call them 'bath salts' so they can sell them in stores as "not for himan consumption". They contain about 3% salts, to cover themselves. The synth marijuana called potpourri, incense, and spice. They are extremely dangerous, but kids think they are safe because it's legal in most towns and they see pot as safe. However, it's not safe. Fake pot can be 2-500 times more potent than marijuana. They spray chemicals (mixed with acetone) on leaves in their garages and basements in a very uneven way. Every package has a different potency. Imagine taking a spray bottle and doing that. But, kids think they are getting a glass of wine type high. Sometimes they do. And sometimes the get hallucinations, panic attacks, paranoid delusions, vomiting, rapid heart rates (sometimes heart attacks), seizures and many other horrible effects. Don't fool yourself into thinking that it's not in your neighborhood. When Max died, the adults had never heard of it. But the kids started to come out of the woodwork telling their horror stories. It was there in our neighborhood and adults disn't even know it existed. Amazing!
Wayne November 18, 2011 at 06:53 PM
Why not educate people on what is right and wrong instead of relying on the government to tell us what is good and bad. Everyone should have their own choice on what they want to do with their life. It is tragic that people have been hurt and killed but isn't it still their choice? Isn't their something wrong with them when they decided to take this drug? Would this have happened if cannabis was legal? Would it make it any less wrong?
Karen November 19, 2011 at 03:51 PM
Education needs to be a huge part of a comprehensive plan to keep our kids safe. I think that everyone agrees that you can't offer hallucinogens and stimulants to people of any age next to the bubble gum and candy, which is exactly where it currently sits in nearly every gas station and convenience store. I guarantee you that Max, and ALL of the kids that contact me nearly daily, had not idea what they were getting themselves into. This is part of the danger. They think they are getting a glass of wine type high and are instead getting a drug comparable to PCP and Angel Dust. It's that harmful! If you offer a produc,t that most kids assume is a little glass-of-wine type thing, every day that they walk into their local convenient store, 95% of them will eventually use it. That's only common sense. And, there are currently no age limits. Even if there were age limits, it doesn't matter what age you are when you are hallucinating and out of your mind. If you got the calls and emails that I get daily, I guarantee you, you would have a change of heart. When people are seizing, hallucinating and having heart attacks at 16, there is a huge danger to society. Yes, there is medical evidence that teens are having heart attacks. We aren't trying to protect just the users. Max could have easily killed someone while running for his life from what his hallucinations were. It's common sense to attack this problem from every angle.
Casey Cora (Editor) November 22, 2011 at 06:23 PM
Thanks for the comments, everyone. I hope the discussion can continue here. Wayne, I'm not sure I understand your premise. Sure, it's a choice for someone to buy, smoke and snort these substances. But I think the issue is more about legality: should these substances be legal and readily available for customers of all ages? (As I understand it, a little kid could literally walk into, say, a convenience store , and buy a bag of Spice, then go smoke it.) Repeatedly, they've proven to be harmful and in some cases, immediately dangerous. Check YouTube. For as many examples as there are of knuckleheads filming themselves getting high on fake weed, there are also some horror stories from seasoned smokers advising against using it at all because of seriously bad trips. But hey, maybe that's someone's idea of a good time. And is that right or wrong? Good or bad? I guess that depends on who you ask. I think a grieving parent has a different perspective than a teenager who thinks this stuff is awesome because it's legal.
Casey Cora (Editor) November 22, 2011 at 06:25 PM
Just came across this Nov. 20 story, via Reuters: "Twenty-eight Navy sailors from the aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan are being discharged after they were caught using Spice, a designer drug that mimics the effects of marijuana, the Navy said on Monday."
Casey Cora (Editor) January 09, 2012 at 08:14 PM
Another story, from intrepid Patch editor Jared Leone in Clearwater, Fla. "Police are investigating the death of a former Palm Harbor University High football player, Logan Kushner, who was found unresponsive in the water at Kapok Park early Sunday morning after smoking herbal incense." http://clearwater.patch.com/articles/football-player-smoked-spice-before-death
Casey Cora (Editor) February 21, 2012 at 11:21 PM
Just saw this on the Village of Oak Park's YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pVrW5JjrHQ4&list=UU1EZovakS7e_kepUJgVdb3A&index=12&feature=plcp

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